Iowa Court of Appeals holds that a non corroboration instruction that specifically singles out the victim’s testimony is improper.

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Iowa Court of Appeals holds that promises of leniency, suggesting that confessing may help the Defendant avoid his wife being implicated, crossed the line and rendered his statements involuntary. Furthermore, it was error to provide a non corroboration jury instruction.

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Iowa Court  of Appeals holds that Iowa Code section 321I.27 as applied is unconstitutional, for a statute cannot overrule the 4th Amendment or Article I section 8 of the Iowa constitution. An officer must have probable cause of a law violation in order to stop a vehicle. In this case, the stop of the Defendant’s utility vehicle (UTV) by a conservation officer, which was not supported by reasonable suspicion or probable cause, violated his constitutional rights—notwithstanding Iowa Code section 321I.27, which gives statutory authority for the stop.

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Iowa Court of Appeals discusses case in which waiver of Miranda and statements given were deemed involuntary as a result of promissory leniency.

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Iowa Supreme Court holds that in an aiding and abetting robbery case, in order for there to be a conviction of robbery in the 1st degree, there must be sufficient evidence that the Defendant knew that a weapon would be involved. Also, a conviction for ongoing criminal conduct requires lengthy ongoing protracted activities which essentially were the regular course of business, or clearly intended to be such, as opposed to intermittent activities which may or may not continue.

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Iowa Court of Appeals finds that there was insufficient evidence for a domestic abuse protective order/no contact order, for screaming, slamming and punching a door is not an assault.

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Iowa Court of Appeals rules that a Defendant is entitled to a new trial after the lower court improperly overruled hearsay objections to the admission of an investigative report written by law enforcement and a search warrant application, which contained statements by an informant who did not testify, for their admission violated the Defendant’s constitutional right to confrontation.

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Iowa Court of Appeals rules that a trailer hitch partially covering a license plate is not a law violation and does not give probable cause for a seizure.

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Iowa Court of Appeals rules that an officer’s search of a glove compartment and center console of the Defendant’s vehicle, looking for evidence of identity, proof of insurance, and vehicle registration after the Defendant refused the officer’s requests, was not a valid search under the automobile exception to the warrant requirement.  The officer did not have probable cause to believe evidence of a crime was in the vehicle, and there was no exigency requiring a search at that time.

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Iowa Supreme Court holds that asking a passenger to exit the vehicle in order to effectuate a search or arrest of the driver or other person is not necessarily an unconstitutional violation of 4th amendment if reasonable under all of the circumstances.

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Iowa Court of Appeals confirms that a single brief incident of crossing a fog or lane line, without more, is not sufficient reasonable suspicion of crime to detain a driver.

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Iowa Supreme Court holds that a non corroboration instruction is improper. A court should not inform a jury that the complaining witness’ testimony need not be corroborated.

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